Grass Pollen Allergy

grassy meadow

Have you ever experienced sneezing, itchy eyes, runny nose, or congestion during the summer season? Well, these symptoms may be caused by grass pollen allergy, also known as hay fever. This happens when we breathe in tiny particles called pollen from grasses. This condition is more common in late spring and early summer when grasses start to flower and release pollen into the air. The severity of hay fever symptoms may vary from person to person, but it can cause discomfort ranging from mild to severe.

What are the Causes of Grass Pollen Allergy?

Many people suffer from allergies caused by grass pollen. When our immune system mistakes harmless proteins found in grass pollen as harmful invaders, it can cause an allergic reaction. Some may feel only minor discomfort, while others may experience more severe reactions. Several types of grasses can cause allergies, such as Timothy, Bermuda, Orchard, Rye, and Sweet Vernal.

What are the Symptoms of Grass Pollen Allergy?

Symptoms of grass pollen allergy can vary from mild to severe and may include:

  • Sneezing
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Itchy, watery eyes
  • Sore throat or cough
  • Fatigue and irritability
  • Asthmatic symptoms in severe cases

Different people may experience various levels of symptoms when they are exposed to pollen from grass. So, it's important to pay attention to how your body reacts and take necessary precautions if you are allergic to it. We wrote another blog post on what a grass allergy's symptoms are.


When someone has an allergic reaction, doctors usually ask about their medical history and do some tests to find out what's causing the reaction. There are two tests that can help: one involves putting a tiny bit of the allergen on the person's skin and seeing if it causes a reaction, and the other involves taking a sample of the person's blood and testing it for allergens. Once the doctor knows what's causing the allergy, they can make a plan to help the person manage their symptoms and avoid future reactions.

Management and Treatment

Avoidance Strategies

If you're someone who is allergic to grass pollen, there are some simple things you can do to reduce your exposure to it:

  • Try to keep your windows closed on days when the pollen count is high
  • Consider using an air purifier that has a special filter to remove pollen particles from the air
  • Avoid going outside during the times of day when the pollen count is highest, which is usually in the morning and late afternoon


Over-the-counter antihistamines, decongestants, and nasal corticosteroids can provide relief when you’re experiencing symptoms like itchy eyes, runny nose, and sneezing due to grass pollen allergy. These medications work by reducing inflammation and blocking histamine, the chemical responsible for allergy symptoms.


Immunotherapy is a treatment that helps people who have allergies caused by grass pollen. Two types of immunotherapy can gradually make people less sensitive to grass pollen. One type is called allergy shots, which involves getting small injections of grass pollen over time. The other type is called sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT), which involves taking a tablet that dissolves under the tongue. Both methods work by giving small amounts of the allergen to the body, which helps the immune system get used to it. With regular treatment, people with allergies can have less severe symptoms and a better quality of life.

Natural Remedies

To alleviate the symptoms of grass pollen allergy, you may consider trying some of the following natural remedies:

  • Saline nasal rinses can help clear nasal passages and reduce congestion, making it easier to breathe. 
  • Honey, especially the local, unpasteurized variety, is believed to have anti-inflammatory properties that may help soothe irritated throat and reduce coughing. 
  • Certain herbs like butterbur have been found to have antihistamine effects and may help reduce sneezing, runny nose, and other allergy symptoms. 

Natural remedies are indeed helpful in relieving the symptoms of grass pollen allergy. We wrote an article devoted to natural remedies, check it out!. While these remedies may provide natural symptom relief, it's important to consult with your healthcare provider before trying any new treatment, especially if you have a pre-existing medical condition or are taking medication.